Educational System in India
Presented simply by
Prof. Doctor R. Venkatram
Tamil Nadu Agricultural School
Ancient Educational System -- Monastic
Gurukul is a Sanskrit word
Wizard means Teacher and
Kul means Site
пѓвЂЇ Totally residential, students-teacher live in the same areas
пѓвЂЇ Sanskrit was the vocabulary of teaching
пѓвЂЇ Brahmins, had been imparted know-how
philosophy, and other ancillary limbs
пѓвЂЇ The warrior class, the Kshatriya, were competed in the various areas of warfare
пѓвЂЇ The business course, the Vaishya, were taught their control пѓвЂЇ The Shudras was generally miserable of education
пѓвЂЇ The education was centering mainly upon using tools,
reciting Vedas, music, skill and self-defense
пѓвЂЇ After a ceremony 'Upanayana' the child had to leave home to buy knowledge
пѓвЂЇ The academies of higher learning were called 'Parishads' пѓвЂЇ The education program involved three basic techniques, namely 'Sravana', 'Manana' and 'Nidhyasana'
пѓвЂЇ In the 'Sravana', students received 'shrutis' (knowledge), which was passed orally from one generation to another
пѓвЂЇ 'Manana' means that pupils had to believe themselves with what they have read. They have to produce their own inferences and
assimilate the lesson taught by way of a teacher in the life. пѓвЂЇ The third stage 'Nidhyasana' means complete comprehension of real truth and its utilization in the life.
Organizations of Higher Learning вЂ“ Historic India
пЃµвЂЇ Institutions of higher learning and universities prospered in ancient India
пЃµвЂЇ Secular Buddhist institutions had been established along
monasteries to impart sensible education just like medicine.
пЃµвЂЇ A number of urban learning Universities like Taxila, Nalanda and Vikramshila were established between 2 hundred BCE to 400 CE.
пЃµвЂЇ These institutions methodically imparted expertise and captivated a number of international students to examine topics including logic,
sentence structure, medicine, metaphysics, arts and crafts
пЃµвЂЇ During the visit of the Islamic scholar Alberuni (973-1048 CE), India already had a sophisticated system of mathematics and technology in place, together made many inventions and discoveries
Universities - Old India
пЃµвЂЇTaxila University intended for medical studies. A galaxy of
prestigious teachers including Panini, the well known
grammarian, Kautilya, the minister of Chandragupta
Maurya, and Charaka, a medical teacher had been
пЃµвЂЇNalanda was the greatest learning center of the complete
South Asia. It had about 10, 1000 students and teachers.
The University had eight colleges one of the educational institutions
had four-storied building. It had been one of the original
examples to get residential-cum-learning sophisticated.
пЃµвЂЇVikramshila University or college,
Universities - Ancient India
пЃµвЂЇIn the South, Kancheepuram (TN)
was famous for
пЃµвЂЇVallabhi University in Gujarat was stated by Huan
Tsang in par with Nalanda and Vikramshila (Bihar)
пЃµвЂЇIndia had several great minds at work, which usually contributed in each and every aspect of your life
пЃµвЂЇThe notion of zero, quebrado and Pythagoras Theorem
had been all designed here
Education during English Rule
пЃµвЂЇThe present educational system of India was the
affect of British rulers
пЃµвЂЇWood's Dispatch of 1854 (Magna Carta of Indian
education) laid the building blocks of present system of
education in India
пЃµвЂЇThe key purpose of it absolutely was to prepare Indian Clerks pertaining to running regional administration
пЃµвЂЇAt schools the subjects were educated in neighborhood languages even though the higher education was in English only
пЃµвЂЇBritish federal government also began giving cash to
native schools in need of help and therefore slowly
a number of the schools started to be government-aided
Education After Self-reliance
пЃµвЂЇIn 1901 the literacy rate in India was only about five per cent and almost 20% during 1947. According to 1951 census only on the lookout for % of
women and 27% of males were literates
пЃµвЂЇIn 1947, Maulana Azad, India's initially Education minister wanted...
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